Considering Factors For Building Steel Structure for Oil and Gas Industries
Most steel structure construction is done with a type of steel called mild steel. Mild steel is a material that is immensely strong.
This immense strength is of great advantage to buildings. The other important feature of steel framing is its flexibility. It can bend without cracking, which is another great advantage, as a steel building can flex when it is pushed to one side by say, wind, or an earthquake. The third characteristic of steel is its plasticity or ductility.
What Is a Structure?
A structure is defined under the World Health and Safety Act (WHS) as anything that is constructed, whether fixed or moveable, temporary or permanent.
Examples Of a Structure Include:
- A roadway or pathway.
- A ship or submarine.
- Foundations, earth retention works and other earthworks, including river works and sea defence works.
- Formwork, falsework or any other structure designed or used to provide support, access or containment during construction work.
- An airfield.
- A dock, harbour, channel, bridge, viaduct, lagoon or dam, and
- A sewer or sewerage or drainage works.
What Is High Risk Construction Work?
Below are a few examples of high risk construction work as defined by The World Health and Safety (WHS) Regulations.
- Involves a risk of a person falling more than 2 metres.
- Is carried out on a telecommunication tower.
- Involves demolition of an element of a structure that is load-bearing or otherwise related to the physical integrity of the structure.
- Involves structural alterations or repairs that require temporary support to prevent collapse.
- Is carried out in or near a confined space.
- Is carried out on or near pressurised gas distribution mains or piping.
- Involves tilt-up or precast concrete.
- Is carried out on, in or adjacent to a road, railway, shipping lane or other traffic corridor that is in use by traffic other than pedestrians.
Factors that needs to be considered when carrying out construction work in the oil and gas industry are:
- Every risk should be analysed and given appropriate strategies for better project execution.
- Look at all minor hazards - a small hazard can very quickly escalate into a big issue.
- Locate underlying causes - increase training to ensure all employees know safety procedures or even enhance communication systems between workers.
- Communicate with workers – Health and safety inspections on construction sites involve representatives of the workforce, therefore by communicating with your workforce you will gain a better understanding of where risks lie.
- Constant learning – There is always something new to learn and room to develop, Health and safety within the oil and gas industry, is no exception. Therefore, it is very important to keep abreast with new developments in safety equipment and risk assessment software.
- Analyse performance - Through analysing the data surrounding your health and safety, you can gain a greater understanding of where potential hazards could occur and develop solutions to prevent incidents before they even happen.
- Conduct a hazardous materials survey and a risk assessment for mercury at facilities. This information must be kept on the site and communicated to all contractors who will be performing work.